Flower Gardening: When and How to Divide and Transplant Hostas
Do you have a shady area in your yard that could use a little landscaping? Hostas are the perfect answer to easy landscaping. They are easily grown and they look beautiful! I have grown a variety of Hostas for several years and have found them to be one of the easiest plants to grow. Hostas are also one of the cheapest plants to grow and the easiest to divide.
When to Divide Hostas
I personally choose to divide my Hostas in the Spring. The shoots are just coming out of the ground and the leaves have not uncurled. It is best to divide Hostas while the weather is still somewhat cool. I live in Missouri and I have divided them in the fall but will often do it in late September or October. Choosing to divide and transplant Hostas while the weather is cooler puts less stress on the plant. If your soil is not moist, water the plants the day before you decide to divide and transplant.
How to Dig up Hostas
When digging up Hostas you want to be sure that you dig up the entire root ball. I usually begin by taking a spade shovel and starting 12" from the plant, I dig up the root ball. Once you have your Hosta out of the ground, gently shake the dirt from the roots. If your Hosta has a really thick root ball you can use your fingers to help work a lot of the dirt out.
How to Divide Hostas
Hostas are one of the most forgiving plants when it comes to cutting and dividing. I have read lots of articles on how to divide them but when it comes down to it, you really can't mess it up too badly. If the root ball is not to tightly bound you can often take your hands and pull apart the Hosta, creating several new plants. I use small pruning shears to cut through the roots of mine but you can also use a small saw, some people even use a knife.
How to Transplant Hostas
Once you have your plant separated, it is time to plant them. This is an easy process. Dig a hole a little larger than the root ball and place the plant in the hole. You will want to keep the shoots of the plant at about the same level they were when you originally dug up the plant. You can add fertilizer or compost if you want but I rarely ever do this. Gently place the dirt back around the plant and don't forget to water. This ensures that air pockets are removed and that your plant has plenty of water to start growing in its new location.
We are in the process of moving and I have been digging up all of my Hosta plants so that I can take them with me. Hostas are easy to grow in the ground and they also make wonderful plants for containers. Just remember that Hostas love the shade. If they have too much sun, their leaves will look bad and they will not grow as well.
Do you grow Hostas? Have you ever divided them? Do you have another method for succesfully dividing Hostas? I would love to hear about it, leave me a comment.
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